Population and Land Area
The population of Namwon-si was 85,994 (42,174 males and 43,820 females) as of June 30, 2014, which accounts for 4.6% of the total population of Jeollabuk-do Province. Among the 23 administrative districts of eup, myeon and dong, Dotong-dong is the most populous with 17,485 persons and Deokgwa-myeon has the smallest population of 1,037 persons.
The land area of Namwon is 752.23 ㎢, 9.4% of the total area of Jeollabuk-do Province (8,062.98㎢). Sannae-myeon is the largest administrative district as it houses Jirisan National Park.
Farmland accounts for 171.50㎢ (field-40.20㎢ and paddy field-131.30㎢), forest land, 483.90㎢, building sites, 11.30㎢, factory sites, 0.99㎢ and others, 85.09㎢.
- Namwon has 1 eup, 15 myeons and 7 dongs along with 180 legal ris and dongs and 481 administrative ris and dongs with 1,379 sub-administrative districts or bans under them.
※ Namwon-gun was integrated into Namwon-si on January 1, 1995.
Located in the southwestern inland area of the Korean Peninsula in a wide basin area, Seosa-myeon, Sobaek Mountains, southeast of Jeollabuk-do province, Namwon-si is bordered with Hadong-gun of Gyeongsangnam-do and Gurye-gun of Jeollanam-do with the major terrain of Jirisan as a boundary to the southeast side, Hamyang-gun of Gyeongsangnam-do to the northeast side, Imsil-gun and Soonchang-gun to the west side, Jangsu-gun to the north and partly with Gokseong-gun of Jeollanam-do with the Seomjin River as a boundary.
Geographically, bordering Jeollanam-do and Gyeongsangnam-do, Namwon-si is a transportation hub intersected by the 88 Olympic Expressway, Suncheon-Wanju Expressway, Jeolla Line Railroad and three National Routes (No. 17, 19 and 24). The city is a cultural and economic gateway connecting the inland Honam and the Yeongnam Areas.
Situated between Noryeong Mountains and Sobaek Mountains, Namwon-si is a mountainous area along with highlands, hills and plains. Jirisan Mountain lies on the southeast of the city, Cheonhwangsan Mountain (909m) and the surrounding Bojeol Mountains are in the north, apart from Gyoryong Mountain (518m) and the surrounding Daegang Mountains. Highlands expand over Seosa-myeon in Bojeol Mountains and Dongsa-myeon and Unbong-eup in Daegang Mountains. The long, narrow Namwon Plain spreads along Yocheon, a branch of the Seomjin River, along with Unbong Plain lying across Unbong, Ayeong and Inwol and Bojeol Alluvial Land around Yulcheon. In addition, hills are located near the mountains and Namwon and Unbong Plains, but only a small part of them are used as fields and orchards.
Weather and Climate
Located on the mountainous basin in the southeast, Namwon-si has a continental climate and is warm most days. It has many cold days during the winter due to continental high atmospheric pressure and has a high level of precipitation due to subtropical low atmospheric pressure and Jiri Mountain during the summer. The Inwol (Ayeong) area is a mountainous region with sub Antarctic climate.
During the past ten years (2003-2012), the temperature has averaged at 12.3℃ with the average high of 19.0℃ and the average low of 6.7℃. The record high during the period was 37.0℃ (July 23, 2005), and the record low was 19.3℃ (December 18, 2005). In addition, yearly precipitation was 1,432.6mm and the number of days with precipitation was 117.7.